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We draw on many sources in the definition of the Catch22 include methodology, including those listed below:

Delivery Model

  • Harper, A., Heron, M., Houghton, E., O’Donnell, S. and Sargent, C. (2011). International Evidence on Alternative Provision (INCA Thematic Probe). Slough: NFER
  • O’Brien, P., Thesing, A., and Herbert, P. (2006)Alternative Education: Literature Review and Report on Key Informants’ Experiences. New Zealand: Ministry of Education
  • Taylor, C. (2012). Improving Alternative Provision. London: Department for Education


  • Bevan Associates (2004). Certificate in Working with Young People at Risk (Using Cognitive Behavioural Approaches), pp.34-35


  • Gutherson, P., and Griffiths, K. Rapid Evidence Review: The Effectiveness of Cognitive Behaviour Approaches with Children and Young People Between the Ages of 9 and 13
  • Stallard, P., Simpson, N., Anderson, S., Carter, T., Osborn, C. and Bush, S. (2005). An evaluation of the FRIENDS programme: a cognitive behaviour therapy intervention to promote emotional resilience. Archives of Disease in Childhood. 90(10), pp.1016–1019